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Dr. Maximilian Klose

Freie Universität Berlin


Maximilian specializes in the history foreign and diplomatic relations, focusing on the United States, Germany, and, most recently, Japan. He holds BA and MA degrees in History and North American Studies from Freie Universität. From 2017 to 2021, he was a doctoral candidate at the Graduate School of North American Studies where he researched donor motivations in the humanitarian endeavor of the organization CARE and its place in US-German relations after World War II. He submitted his doctoral thesis in May 2021. His research has been awarded with a dissertation research grant from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and with two doctoral fellowships from the GHI Washington.

In 2022 he received the dissertation award from the AG internationale Geschichte des Verbands der Historiker und Historikerinnen Deutschlands. 

Research Interests

  • Foreign relations and diplomacy in the 19th and 20th century
  • History of humanitarianism
  • Cultural diplomacy
  • US-German relations after WWII
  • US-German-Japanese relations
  • Gender, empire, and diplomacy

Research project at SCRIPTS

Maximilian investigated discourses and practices of masculinity in the diplomatic relations between the United States, Meiji Japan, and the German Empire between 1868 and 1914. All three countries ascended as major economic and expansionist powers in the late nineteenth century and they all justified their rise to international power and dominance in ways that reveal distinct - sometimes regionally specific, at other times supposedly universal - understandings of masculinity. In their diplomatic conduct, political and military leaders of all three countries confronted each other with their idealized notions of gender, triggering their counterparts' consent, dismissal, or even adoption of these ideals. The project focussed this multifaceted dynamic to shed light on the use of gendered rhetoric and demeanor as political instruments in the expansion, consolidation, and legitimization of imperial rule, both territorially and ideologically.